Saturday, May 12, 2018

TV Programme Production Lectures

Difference between News and Current Affairs programmes

TV production and programming is concerned with different types and formats of programmes related to news, entertainment, lifestyle, sports and other forms of storytelling and narratives. The technique that goes into producing any show of any genre is related to television production studies. Even in the realm of news, there are various types of news. Hence let us discuss the main differences between a news show and a current affairs show:

1. Timing: News, it is said, is an acronym derived from N (North), E (East), W (West), S (South). Hence any event or happening that is discussed immediately, within seconds of its occurrence, is termed as news. Hence the concept of 'Breaking News' in television. In print, the news maybe a little delayed due to its publication once within 24 hours. Current affairs, on the other hand, implies events or happenings that have happened a few days or weeks ago but still continue to be in news due to its follow-up events or updates in the incident. For example, a man has died is news; what happens after his death and its repercussions is current affairs as the matter will be discussed for a number of days after.

2. Content: News generally entails bare minimum details about who, what, when, where, why and how. It contains the factual details about various happenings. However, current affairs relates to a detailed discussion on the topic taking everything into account- history, causes, impact and significance. Hence news bulletins are simple narration of events as and when they happened. While current affairs shows are debates and discussions on a happening.

3. Proximity: News events usually relate to events and occurrences that happen closer home. They relate to events and happenings close to your city, town, district, state or country. However, current affairs shows can be general discussions on any topic around the world. News events are enlisted for a news bulletin. But current affairs shows relate to a theme or topic of larger interest.

4. Themes: News bulletins usually relate to immediate occurrences with regular updates on them. Their themes range from sports, politics, entertainment, business to weather, environment and science. Current affairs discussions are more about the influence and effects of happenings on society and several socio-economic issues of general interest. Since news is more like a rapid fire around it entails larger variety of topics while a single current affairs show will relate to a single theme.

5. Duration of shows: Since news bulletins are half-hour or of one hour duration, these carry short news snippets related to various events. Hence each news item is short and crisp to inform the viewer. Current affairs shows are a detailed discussion on a single news or one or two news items. For example, Twenty-Twenty, Fast 100 and Rapid Fire are some examples of news bulletins while The World This Week, Hard Talk, Aap ki Adaalat are examples of some current affairs shows.

6. Panelists and guests: A major difference between a news bulletin and a current affairs show is that a news bulletin may have one guest and a discussion in one segment along with news stories but a current affairs show is all about discussions, debates, panelists where the guest speakers may be anywhere between 4-7. Guests are experts in their own fields who are willing to share their knowledge on a particular topic and discuss that with the anchor or the show host.

7. News stories: In news bulletins, news stories are usually of short duration, anywhere between one minute to two-three minutes. However, in current affairs shows, the same story maybe edited for a longer duration- five minutes to seven minutes. Bulletins have simply stated facts while treatment of stories for current affairs shows are more like features or even documentaries.

Hence we see that there is a major difference between a news bulletin and a current affairs show. Furthermore there are news magazines like Newstrack, which have not been discussed here.

Theme of programmes 

Wednesday, November 1, 2017

उत्तम प्रदेश

उत्तर प्रदेश की आबो - हवा अब शायद मुझे लगने लगी है।  यहाँ पर छह साल रहने के बाद अब एहसास हो रहा है कि शायद मैं उत्तर प्रदेशी की ही थी हमेशा से। बचपन में कभी जाना नहीं , कॉलेज में कभी समझा नहीं , ऑफिस में कभी पहचाना नहीं - अपने आपको !! चलते रहे कुछ यूं ही जब तक ज़ोर की ठोकर न खायी थी - जिसके बाद से मैं स्वयं को ही नहीं, अपने आसपास रहने वालों की फितरत को भी समझने लगी।  जिन अपनों को मैंने आधुनिकता की होड़ में गँवा दिया था , शायद अब उनके पास आने लगी थी।  अब मैं खुद से थोड़ी दूर थी लेकिन दूसरों के कुछ और ज़्यादा क़रीब। रिश्तों में चड़मड़ाहट अभी भी थी लेकिन शरीर में एक नयी ऊर्जा जैसे माँ की कोख में नौ महीने बच्चा सिर्फ एक रूप ले रहा होता है , रिश्ते तो ज़मीन पर आने के बाद बनते हैं।

उत्तर प्रदेश से एक अजीब सा रिश्ता था।  यहाँ जंगलों की सी जंगलियत, मासूमों की सी मासूमियत, दलालों की सी सौदेबाज़ी और बुद्धिजीवियों की सी सौम्यता - सभी कुछ मौजूद था एक ही जगह। कहीं पर अंग्रेज़ियत इतनी कि अंग्रेज़ भी शर्मा जाएँ, कहीं पर हिंदी इतनी भी नहीं कि बुंदेली हिंदी का शब्द भी समझ पाएं।  तभी लगा कि क्यों मायावतीजी कभी-कभी इसके विभाजन की बात करती हैं।

उत्तर प्रदेशियों के साथ बिताते हुए पल लेती हूँ अलविदा।  

Monday, September 14, 2015

Is it going to be the saffron flag all the way?

Bihar elections may just be yet another clean sweep for NDA

Amit Shah announced the seat-sharing plan for NDA in the upcoming Bihar polls (BJP: 160; Paswan’s Lok Janshakti Party: 40; Kushwaha’s Rashtriya Lok Samata Party: 23; and Manjhi’s Hindustani Awam Morcha (Secular):  20) but will the tide be in their favour?

This election seems like a win-win for BJP-led NDA despite the Janata coalition having made a good start earlier this year. While the grand alliance of six parties was made to keep the BJP from winning Bihar their vision now seems jittery especially as Owaisi’s MIM pitches in brandishing the Muslim card. While Owaisi may not do much for his own party his appearance at these elections may well fall in favour of the BJP dividing the Janata coalition vote-bank on communal lines.

Moreover Narendra Modi’s announcement of the Bihar package and Amit Shah’s do-or-die spirit for the Bihar polls may turn the tide in their favour. This will also be a litmus test for Congress’ young scion Rahul Gandhi whose refueled energy will be seen at these elections. Amidst such forces it seems unlikely that the Janata alliance will survive given the indomitable temperament of two of its potent leaders- Nitish Kumar (JD-U) and Lalu Yadav (RJD).

Bihar has for long had an anti-establishment image with the state often being projected as having indiscipline and anarchy. This is a strong ‘media image’ in the minds of the people of the country. In this context Chief Minister Nitish Kumar had written in response to a letter from Union finance minister Arun Jaitley when he made a statement that It was a matter of great concern for a backward state like Bihar that on the basis of the formula used by the 14th FC for devolution of funds among the states, the share of funds for Bihar had witnessed a reduction from 10.9% to 9.665%.

It is for this reason that there was much brouhaha about Bihar being a Bimaru state where Modi addressed his rally earlier on saying he will ensure Bihar is out of this category if BJP is voted to power in the state. Bimaru was an acronym coined by the demographer Ashish Bose for Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh (UP), states considered to be ‘backward’ in India’s journey for growth and development.

As BJP continues to clamour for power in the state by trying to win the minority vote and staying ahead in the caste-driven politics, its ally Lok Janashakti Party seems to be a popular face among the Paswan community. But the main question is whether caste will be a factor or not. As we saw in the last national election that even in Uttar Pradesh caste which was considered to be an important factor in elections took a back seat. The main issue that remained dominant through the elections was development.

This time around as different parties have their stakes, NCP, Left and Samajwadi Party going all the way alone for 243 seats of the assembly the main tussle seems to be between the Lalu-Nitish merger and the BJP-led NDA. We have to wait and watch the post-poll alliances now that pre-poll alliances have fallen into place.

Sunday, September 13, 2015

हिंदी दिवस

हिंदी मेरी मातृभाषा
और मेरी शान है
हिंदी मेरी जागती आशा
और मेरी पहचान है

हिंदी है संस्कृति
और मेरा मान है
यही मेरी प्रकृति
और मेरा अभिमान है

हिंदी है अभिलाषा
और मेरी जी - जान है
यही मेरी लज्जा - लिहाज़
और मेरा प्रतिमान है

आओ हिंदी बोलें आओ
प्रेम की अलख जगाओ
एक दूजे से वैर हटाओ
जाओ जाओ अंग्रेज़ों जाओ !!

Friday, December 12, 2014

Romancing Facebook

Happy faces
Sad faces
Inquisitive faces
Crazy faces

Faceless Facebook!

Talking to 'friends'
Friends who are strangers
Sharing photographs
Images and graphs

Faceless Facebook!

Stories shared
Quotes passed
Philosophies made
Poets are made

Faceless Facebook!

'Likes' and 'Unlikes'
'Shares' and 'tags'
All and sundry
Come and go by

Faceless Facebook!

Sunday, November 30, 2014


अर्धांगिनी बनी हूँ जीवन की
संगिनी एक पल किस्मत ही की
पंथी मिले बहुतेरे रास्ते में
जीवन जैसा न कोय

अर्धांगिनी बनी हूँ जीवन की

जब रुलाये जब हंसाए
जब दौड़वाये जब सुलवाये
सब कर्त्तव्य संग-संग निभाये
राही नहीं है याद कोय

अर्धांगिनी बनी हूँ जीवन की

पंथ कौन या रीत है कौन
जो मिले अपनाये सबको
समय बीते न पता चले
किससे लागे जिया मोये

अर्धांगिनी बनी हूँ जीवन की

समर्पण है पूरा जिससे वो
जीवन साथ देता है अथाह
सब निकट हैं दूर भी सब
एक जीवन नहीं खोता मोये

अर्धांगिनी बनी हूँ जीवन की

Tuesday, November 18, 2014

रकीब की क़ुर्बानी

बावरा दिल फिर खोजन निकला
ऐ इश्क़-ए-मशाल  पर पिघला

याद आती थी उनकी बहुत
इतनी कि पार कर गए सरहद

सोचा न देखा न सुना कुछ
आँखें खोल के पिया सचमुच

निगाहों का इशारा न समझा
न जाना वैरी न मित्र या साझा

जुस्तुजू जुस्तुजू रही दीवानगी
न इल्म रहा कब कर बैठे हम बंदगी

वोह आयतें वोह सूरा और कलाम
सभी हैं लगते दोस्त-ए - कलम

यार का याराना और बेरुखी भी देखी
ज़ाहिर और छुप छुप के सभी लिखी

एक और एक ग्यारह होते या दो
अब लेना नहीं यारों बस मकसद है दो

अल्लाह -ए - जतन किये  जाते हैं
तुम पे ये क़ुर्बानी दिए जाते हैं